What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients?
NRS 429 Topic 3 DQ 1
What are the methods a nurse can use to gather cultural information from patients? How does cultural competence relate to better patient care? Discuss the ways in which a nurse demonstrates cultural competency in nursing practice.
The concept of health has changed greatly over the course of past few years, and it is important that we as nurses keep up to date with the latest evidence based practices to stay current in our practice. In the early days the incredibly fast spread of disease was attributed to lack of sanitation and cleanliness, and contaminated water, in those days the concept of “health” was essentially defined as anyone who was disease free and did not have any ailments. As we fast forward to current times the definition of health had widely evolved to become a individuals identity and how they hold their place in society, as a functional member of society, which includes factors like physical mental and spiritual wellness. It is important that nurses use evidence based practice because those methods incorporate proven scientific methods and studies to show the effectiveness of health promotion.
Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Health promotion: Health & wellness across the continuum. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-health-and-wellness-across-the-continuum/v1.1
You are right about the change in the concept of health, diseases and ill-health. It has evolved from the idea that diseases are caused by the gods or poor sanitation to what we now know. Sickness is not just caused by injury or diseases. Mental health is a form of sickness as you said. Cleanliness, immunization, healthy diets can help promote health. As nurses we must also consider the other causes of ill-health, for instance unhealthy life styles like smoking, conditions that some individuals find themselves which is totally not of their making and is beyond their control. This is the Social Determinants of Health (SDOH). As nurses we must educate patients and the community, and assist them accordingly.
The term health has evolved over many years. Nurses stay updated on their scope of practice through continuing education hours, courses, updated evidence-based practices, and board of nursing standards based on a state of residence. Education is a priority to improve one’s health. In the early 20th century, health was defined by sanitation and hygiene practices to decrease the amount of disease spread to others. Today’s meaning of health includes an individuals physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Health is overall well-being rather than disease-focused. Health promotion encourages others to take charge of their health conditions and promotes appropriate interventions to a patients according to their barriers.
Programs that promote health and prevent disease focus on keeping people healthy. The goal of health promotion programs is to get people and communities involved in and empowered to choose healthy behaviors and make changes that make it less likely that they will get chronic diseases and other diseases. The World Health Organization defines health promotion as: enables individuals to gain more control over their health. It encompasses a wide range of social and environmental interventions that aim to address and prevent the underlying causes of illness rather than just treat and cure, thereby enhancing and safeguarding individuals’ health and quality of life.
Topic 4: Cultural Competence and Nutrition in Health Promotion
1. Examine the importance of cultural competency in health promotion.
2. Discuss the application of cultural theories to provide effective family-centered care.
3. Discuss the significance of nutrition education in health promotion.
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Health Promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum
Read Chapter 3 in Health Promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum.
CDC – Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH)
Explore the resources available on the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. These materials will be useful in completing the assignment for this topic.
US Department of Health and Human Services
Explore the resources available on the Minority Health page of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website. These materials will be useful in completing the assignment for this topic.
CDC – Minority Health
Explore the resources available on the Minority Health page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. These materials will be useful in completing the assignment for this topic.
SAMHSA – Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations
Explore the resources available on the Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations page of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) website. These materials will be useful in completing the assignment for this topic.
Healthy People 2020
Explore the Healthy People 2020 website.