Trends in Healthcare Assignment

March 6, 2022

Trends in Healthcare Assignment

Trends in Healthcare Assignment

Trends in Healthcare Assignment

Using a Health Policy Model to Develop a Change in Policy to Improve the Public’s Health

This assignment focuses on the methods to develop a change in policy to improve the public’s health by using a health policy model.

Tasks:

Suppose you want to initiate a policy of taxing sugared sodas/pop/beverages in your community. Use the Longest’s policy cycle model to ponder the following questions:

  • What arguments would you use to make the case for the policy?
  • What argument(s) would your opponents make?
  • How would you go about getting buy-in for your proposed policy?
  • What stakeholder groups need to be involved in promoting your policy?

Trends in healthcare assignment

Submission Details:

  • Submit your response in a 2-page Microsoft Word document (500 words).
  • Name your document SU_NSG4068_W1_Project_Last Name_First Initial.doc.
  • Submit your document to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.
  • Cite sources in the APA format on a separate page.

Ten 10-Year Trends for the Future of Healthcare
1. More Patients
As we “Baby Boomers” age, the number of individuals arriving at age 65 will increase dramatically. Ten years from now, more patients will be living longer. The ability to treat patients with chronic disease such as heart disease is clearly lengthening their lives; in the next 30 years, the number of people with heart disease in the United States is expected to double.

2. More Technology
As genetic diagnosis and treatment translate from cell to bedside, the information and armamentarium available to the clinician will increase perhaps inconceivably over the next 10 years. Markedly improved less invasive imaging (e.g., computer assisted diagnosis of coronary artery disease combining echo, magnetic resonance, and positron emission tomography) along with less invasive treatment using catheter techniques will provide better functional outcomes with earlier resumption of activity. DNA chip technology or genetic fingerprinting will vastly improve risk assessment. Knowledge of the risks will increase the ability of other technology to extend life. Yet techniques such as these will require that we face and attempt to resolve a series of new ethical questions.

Electronic technology will also improve efficiency. The electronic medical record will be tied directly to billing. It will soon be possible

Trends in Healthcare Assignment

Trends in Healthcare Assignment

for a physician to dictate directly into the record and have software that analyzes the type of visit or procedure and creates a CPT code automatically. Since billing would be directly related to the content of the medical record, the need for complex compliance programs would be markedly reduced. Eventually, software should allow the ability to bill plans automatically regardless of the type of “billing form.”

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3. More Information
As the technology improves, the information deriving from patient care will also improve. With the Internet and its successors (which among other features will provide the important safeguards for confidentiality), the electronic medical record will not only be able to store patient information but also to provide information on “best practice” instantaneously, whether it is derived statistically from the practice of the physicians in that AHC, or based on health plan data or nationally generated practice guidelines. The opportunities for “online clinical research” are clear. The ability to question large numbers of patients and large segments of the general population may provide overall improved definitions of “quality” from the patient perspective.

Additionally, we will develop better information on severity of disease. Then, the “risk” of the cost of illness for a particular future year will also be better understood. This understanding (and the differential payment that should result) will benefit AHCs since they traditionally take care of patients who are more ill.

4. The Patient Will Be the Ultimate Consumer
As patients surf the web and as employers perhaps no longer choose the health plan for their employees (rather giving them a “defined contribution” to buy their own healthcare), patients will become the ultimate consumers. Measures of patient satisfaction and other patient-oriented report cards will assume increasing importance. An increasing consumer focus could reduce the need for wide geographic coverage of health plans that sell to employers: with the individual choosing the insurance product, patients will choose their own physicians and hospitals close to their own homes.

5. Different Delivery Model
With improved availability of data to the public, process and outcomes will improve. Those not capable of achieving the best outcomes will likely either improve or stop doing the procedure. In the next 10 years, process and outcomes will be optimized for a significant proportion of patients with relatively common diseases. With these patients, care will become more regularized, making it possible to develop a better understanding of the best care delivery model. For example, it will be possible to measure the outcomes of nurse practitioners, generalist physicians, and specialty physicians in the management of certain diseases and determine the best utilization of each, creating better “hand-offs.”

In the long-run, the increase in the number of patients will lead to a great demand for practitioners; the issue will be more one of optimization of the care model rather than negotiating over who will take care of which patient. As the population ages, specialists will be needed in the areas of disease that currently afflict the aging and also in areas of emerging diseases that are now relatively rare but will become more prevalent as other more common diseases become preventable, possibly even leading to the development of new specialties. In 10–20 years, as there may be a shortage of physicians (3) (perhaps even sooner if the trend continues for the 50–55 year old physicians to retire), both the generalist and specialist will need more nonphysician practitioners, who will be especially effective in areas where the care to be delivered is most regular. The need for hospital beds will continue to decrease but ultimately will probably increase again, due to the aging population.

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Posted in nursing by Clarissa