Topic 1: Community/Public Health Nursing
According to the BMJopinion,(2021). community living, and working in decently packed environments are at the greatest risk of infectious diseases. People with underlying conditions and elderly people are disproportionately affected especially during pandemics. Providing and early intervention utilizing the nursing process will be ideal for dissemination and transmission dynamics of remerging and reemerging infection diseases and the underlying features of gain-of-function research and geopolitics within and across the borders (BMJopinion,2021). Some of these concerns had become a prominent issue in the management of global and local health because diseases like the pandemic are critical issues. However, In recent years, there have been exacerbating outbreaks of infectious diseases worldwide. Diseases like swine flu, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, the Zika virus, and the Ebola virus disease unprecedented climate, demographic, and technological spatiotemporal variations in both rural and urban precincts with escalating threats to hunger/food security, environment, health, and socioeconomic activities, bringing threats that require countries with vast resources and conscionable geopolitical imperatives to contribute and enhance global health and environmental security to stem the increased risk in the emergence and reemergence of novel infectious diseases. International health, policy, and security have perspicuously enhanced health perspectives and interventions in association with political stability to address the disproportionate global health problems, reflecting on strategies to balance public and medical modalities regarding the origin. Utilizing the nursing process is important to assist the community through prevention and protection, vi different developments such vaccinations, treatment modalities, compulsory applications such masks, hand washing, social distance, non-pharmacological intervention, well ventilation ambient, compliance to preventative strategies, research, and geopolitical intervention. Furthermore, it is important to provide the resources to distribute vaccines and start fast treatments for prevention, in poorer countries, and vulnerable populations worldwide (HSPI,2022).
Topic 1: Community/Public Health Nursing Objectives:
- Examine the role of the community/public health nurse.
- Evaluate the role of community stakeholders as client and community partners.
- Discuss the aspects of health promotion in nursing care of populations.
- Explain the importance of community resources to planning an intervention.
Explain the role of the community health nurse in partnership with community stakeholders for population health promotion. Explain why it is important to appraise community resources (nonprofit, spiritual/religious, etc.) as part of a community assessment and why these resources are important in population health promotion.
The role of the community health nurse in partnership wit community stakeholders for population health promotion is focused and requires knowledge, competencies and skill. Their role extends beyond sick, care to encompass advocacy, community organizing, health education and political and social reform. They focus on primary prevention and health promotion. Their practice is in diverse settings including but not limited to community nursing centers, home health agencies, housing developments, local and state health departments, neighborhood centers, parishes, school health programs and worksite and occupational health programs (ojin.nursingworld.org).
Community resources is anything that has a potential to improve the quality of life in a community. Nurses can conduct an assessment of the community by using the nursing process, and thereby identifying and analyzing the problem areas, health disparities, and resources for a population. This provides insight into the conditions in which the population lives, works, and plays. By working with community stakeholders, which includes spiritual groups, the nurse can make a difference in the health of larger groups (lc.gcumedia.com). Spiritual groups play an important role in providing resources/services to those in need, example of this is Catholic Charities.
Community assessment is the process of identifying the strength, assets, needs and challenges of a specified community. Assets refer to the skills, talents and abilities of individuals as well as resources that local institution contribute to the community. These resources are important in population health promotion because it aims to empower individuals and community to choose healthy behaviors and make changes that reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases.
Community and Public Health: The Future of Health Care. Retrieved from: http://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/1
Evolving Public Health Nurse Role: Focus on Community Participatory Health Promotions and Prevention (2012). Retrieved from: http://ojin.nursingworld.org
Discuss how geopolitical and phenomenological place influence the context of a population or community assessment and intervention. Describe how the nursing process is utilized to assist in identifying health issues (local or global in nature) and in creating an appropriate intervention, including screenings and referrals, for the community or population
The geopolitical community is a geographic or geopolitical area or place. The more traditional view of community study is precisely this. The geopolitical communities are formed by natural or man-made boundaries. A river, a mountain range or a valley can create a natural limit. The limits made by man can be structural, political or legal. Streets, bridges or railways can create structural limits. The city, county or state lines create legal limits. Political boundaries can be exemplified by the districts of Congress or the school district.
A phenomenological community can be considered as an assembly of individuals who share the same points of view, relationships, values, interests, beliefs and objectives. Geographic boundaries do not necessarily have to be shared in a phenomenological community. Religious, cultural and social groups are excellent examples of phenomenological community because their values and beliefs differentiate them from other groups. We all live in a geopolitical community and most of us are part of many phenomenological communities.
Public health nurses have to face certain challenges while working with different communities. One of the main problems is the language and the cultural barrier. The public health nurse works in collaboration with other professionals. To overcome the challenges, some of the best practices to ensure continued competencies include peer review, reflective practice, goal setting, self-assessment, obtaining knowledge from different cultures and practices.
(Green, S. 2019). Community and Public Health: The Future of Health Care. Populations as Clients. Retrieved from, https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/1