Public Policy Essay

March 8, 2022
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Public Policy Essay

Public Policy Essay

Write a 400-word essay in which you include:

An introduction.
Select a specific example of public policy from one of the following fields:
Economic policy
An example of economic policy is U.S. budget deficit spending.
Education policy
An example of education policy is the implementation of national education standards.
Environmental policy
An example of environmental policy is the Clean Air Act.
Foreign policy
An example of foreign policy is how we conduct trade with other countries.
Healthcare policy
An example of healthcare policy is the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)
Welfare policy
An example of welfare policy is Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).
Provide a summary of this public policy.
Explain how three different factors shaped this public policy.
How do political factors shape this public policy?
Support your responses with at least one specific referenced example.
How do social factors shape this public policy?
Support your responses with at least one specific referenced example.
How do economic factors shape this public policy?
Support your responses with at least one specific referenced example.
Support your examples with information from the text and at least two, additional academic sources.
A conclusion.
Correct grammar and syntax.
APA
REFERENCES
Isserman, M., & Kazin, M. (2015). America divided: The Civil War of the 1960s. New York: Oxford University Press.

Program History. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.medicaid.gov/about-us/program-history/…

Public policy is an institutionalized proposal to solve relevant and real-world problems, guided by a conception [1] and implemented by programs as a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government,[2] in response to social issues. Beyond this broad definition, public policy has been conceptualized in a variety of ways.

A popular way of understanding and engaging in public policy is through a series of stages known as “the policy cycle”. The characterization of particular stages can vary, but a basic sequence is: agenda setting – formulation – legitimation – implementation – evaluation.

Officials considered as policymakers bear responsibility to reflect the interests of a host of different stakeholders. Policy design entails conscious and deliberate effort to define policy aims and map them instrumentally. Academics and other experts in policy studies have developed a range of tools and approaches to help in this

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Public policy making and the implementation of public policy
Public policy making can be characterized as a dynamic, complex, and interactive system through which public problems are identified and resolved through the creation of new policy or reform of existing policy.[18]

Public problems can originate in endless ways and require different policy responses (such as regulations, subsidies, import quotas, and laws) on the local, national, or international level. The public problems that influence public policy making can be of economic, social, or political nature.[19]

The Government holds a legal monopoly to initiate or threaten physical force to achieve its ends when necessary. For instance, in times of chaos when quick decision making is needed.[20]

Public policy making
Public policy making is a time-consuming ‘policy cycle’.

The policy cycle as set out in Understanding Public Policy: Theories and Issues.[21]

Agenda setting
Agenda setting identifies problems that require government attention, deciding which issue deserve the most attention and defining the nature of the problem.

Social construction of problems
Most public problems are made through the reflection of social and ideological values. As societies and communities evolve over time, the nature in which norms, customs and morals are proven acceptable, unacceptable, desirable or undesirable changes as well.[22] Thus, the search of crucial problems to solve becomes difficult to distinguish within ‘top-down’ governmental bodies.

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