Philosophy Humanity Doing the Right Thing

March 8, 2022
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Philosophy Humanity Doing the Right Thing

Philosophy Humanity Doing the Right Thing

please choose ONE of these prompts and write a response to it. Please make sure to include at least one quote from the book and to explain how the quote is relevant to your ideas and argument. Reply to student.

1.Discuss and explore the idea of a moral law within us.

2.Discussion question: explain and analyze Nietzsche’s rejection of the idea that the world has some intrinsic meaning in it. DO you think the world has any intrinsic meaning? If so, what is the meaning of the world?

3.Writing exercise: Think of several examples where the social pressures against harm to others are weak or non-existent. Try to get close to your own life/world in these examples. What do these examples tell you about human moral psychology?

4.Discussion question: Why should we do the right thing (should we do the right thing?)?

5.Discussion question: Glover asserts that the human responses of sympathy and respect comprise the core of humanity. What do you think comprises the core of humanity and how do you know that your answer is true (what is your rationale, your evidence, your justification)?

6.Discussion question: What are your moral commitments? Discuss one or two experiences you have had where these moral commitments have been challenged, formed, or changed.

7.Discussion question: Does amoralism=realism?

8.Discussion question: On what grounds does Glover argue that it may be possible to end the festival of cruelty? Do you agree or disagree with Glover on this point, and why? Try to include discussion of current world events in your answer.

9.Discussion question: As best as you can, explain Glover’s plan for this book. Be sure to include the following terms in your explanation: moral resources, moral psychology, humanity, moral identity, cruelty.

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1 Peer Response:

“Question 2Nietzsche believed the world does not have an intrinsic meaning, that the meaning of the world is either imposed by others or created on our own. He sees the importance of self-creation and its part in the “will to power” aspect of humanity, how it is a way for everything in this world (people, animals, species, physics, etc.) to express themselves. This concept can be seen as a constant struggle as not every person can side with one picture of human self-creation. Nietzsche thinks that each man has their own ideal futures in which we shape ourselves, but women were incapable of doing so. Regardless, he explains the importance of creating oneself and imposing onto others their personal characteristics. Preferably, passionate self-creations in order to spread the intense passion to develop strong wills. This can only be achieved through discipline, therefore, self-discipline creates self-creation. By cultivating desires and impulses, men can be “the artist and creator of your own life” (Glover, p. 85). In conclusion, our role in the world is not easily defined, perhaps this was due to the way humans have expressed themselves throughout the years, through self-creation. His rejection of the idea that the world holds some intrinsic meaning is seen through a unique and fascinating point of view. I believe Nietzsche rejects the idea because he likes the idea of humans (mainly men) defining their own reason for living in this world, rather than religion who imposes certain ideas onto its believers. From his perspective, religion is its own picture and other pictures such as scientific and metaphysical, causing a rift among people who have different beliefs. While he believes religion is a form of self-creation, he does not like being validated by any religion, rather Nietzsche wants to make his own definitions about the meaning behind the world. Although “Nietzsche is severely critical of any idea that a meaning can be discovered in the world” (Glover, p. 81) I would like to think that he has faith in mankind and their abilities of self-creation. This is most likely because there is no true way to validate one’s own meaning in the world. It is not as if someone or something is going to tell you that you were meant to be a doctor, an artist, entrepreneur, musician, etc. it is most likely that your future is determined by yourself because your choices will lead you to the future you chose. Overall, I agree with Nietzsche in his idea that the world has no essential meaning to the beings that reside in it. He also says that we can either create our own meaning to the world and create an imprint or live without meaninglessness. When I read this I concur with this statement because I do not think anyone should have a say in what my purpose is in the world. Although there are various exceptions like when someone is actively seeking help on finding the meaning behind their existence or they are lost about the existence, etc. This is because we all need some help at one point in our life and Nietzsche also thinks that some meanings of the world need to be urged onto others in order to find control of your own life. I believe that our own choices will lead people down the path they choose, even if they are influenced by an outside factor. It is up to people to make the choices themselves as they are the ones living their life. Despite his belief that women were not suited to his ideal for self-creation, as a woman, I do believe that the meaning of the world is established by the beings themselves rather than a picture (religion, science, or metaphysical). “Works CitedGlover, Jonathan. Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. Second, Yale University Press, 2012.

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