PHI 445 Week 5 Final Project Argumentative Essay (Gender Discrimination: Goodyear) Recent
This is a great post about patient discrimination against health care providers. Ideally, all nurses have encountered discrimination or bias from some of their clients. Often, the healthcare system focuses much on dealing with healthcare providers’ bias or discrimination towards patients but fails to consider occurrences of patient discrimination towards clinicians. Although nurses have a responsibility to care for all patients, when they encounter patients who show discriminatory behaviors, they tend to suffer negative consequences including moral distress (Eichelberger et al., 2018). Personal experience with a discriminative patient is an incident where a novice nurse on rotation was asked by a mother of a little girl whether she was Jewish. She told me she was not Jewish and requested to know why it was a concern. The woman replied that if the nurse was Jewish, she did not need her to treat her daughter.
Patient discrimination has adverse effects on the well-being of healthcare providers in both the short and long term. Care providers who are targeted with prejudice such as discrimination report increased rates of conditions depression, anxiety, cardiac diseases, and hypertension (Corpuz, 2021). Moreover, the emotional load of caring for a discriminative patient is extensive and linked to symptoms of psychological effects such as fear, self-doubt, emotional exhaustion, and cynicism. Different strategies can be used by professional nurses to address discriminative encounters. Other strategies that can be used include depersonalization of the event and keep in mind that the fundamental role of a nurse is medical care delivery. The other strategy is to cultivate a relationship of trust. Discrimination is always inspired by fears in patients and nurses should empathize with the patient and bring attention to the common goal of dealing with the presenting health care needs.
Corpuz, J. C. G. (2021). ‘We are not the virus’: stigmatization and discrimination against frontline health workers. Journal of Public Health, 43(2), e327-e328. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdab031
Eichelberger, K. Y., Chescheir, N. C., & Riley, L. E. (2018). Institutional responses to harassment and discrimination in obstetrics and gynecology. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 132(4), 828-832. DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002867
In the Week Three Assignment, you engaged in a case analysis of a current business problem using some of the components of an argumentative essay. In this written assignment, you will write a complete argumentative essay as described in Sections 9.1 and 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking(Foster, Hardy, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015). This essay will include a revised and polished version of your Week Three Assignment, an objection to your thesis, a rebuttal, and concluding remarks. In order to benefit the most, you should start working on your Final Project from the time you receive your Week Three Assignment back with comments from your professor.
Your assignment should include the following:
A revision of your Week Three Case Analysis Assignment. Your revision should represent a substantial edit of your work that fully incorporates feedback from your professor and goes well beyond correcting any grammatical or APA errors.
The strongest possible objection to your thesis. After the final paragraph of your Week Three Case Analysis Assignment, start a new paragraph that introduces the strongest possible objection to your thesis. The considerations for this are detailed in Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015). Make sure to employ the appropriate language to introduce the objection, such as “some may object to my thesis as follows” or “according to [so and so] the thesis presented here fails to account for X” [whatever he or she finds problematic]. You can find other language to do this, of course, but the key point here is to make sure that you indicate that someone else is speaking when presenting this objection.
It is also important to remember that you do research to discover good objections and not merely objections that are weak and thus easily rebutted. Look for peer-reviewed journal articles in the Ashford University Library, full- text articles in Google Scholar, or articles in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Present the opposing position fairly and in detail. This may take more than one paragraph.
A rebuttal. This is a refutation of the objection that you have just presented. Start this in a new paragraph following the objection paragraph(s). Once again, follow the indications of Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015). You may point out an error in the objection. Or you may show that, while it is an important objection, it does not apply squarely to your argument, or does not account for facts that make it irrelevant. Above all, make sure to maintain philosophical decorum in your rebuttal. Toward this end, you should apply the principles of charity and of accuracy, first introduced in the Week One course material. See “Confronting Disagreement” in Section 9.4 ofWith Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo, 2015).
Closing remarks. End your argumentative essay with a paragraph of closing remarks. Provide some reflections of what you have attempted to achieve by means of your essay. You could, for example, explain how your essay sheds light on the broader controversy that it addresses. Or you could point out how your essay addresses a frequently ignored point or the unpopular side in the controversy. You could also reflect on the related matters in the broader controversy that would be useful to examine by others. Do not merely summarize what you have done in the body of your essay, and do not add new information here that would support or contradict your essay since the body of your essay should have addressed all the relevant points. See “Closing Your Essay” in Section 9.2 of With Good Reason: A Guide to Critical Thinking (Hardy, Foster, & Zúñiga y Postigo (2015).
Requirements for your Assignment:
- Your assignment should be between 1500 to 1700 words in length, excluding the cover and references
- Your examination should be both thorough and succinct. This is a combination that demands time and
thought, so give yourself sufficient time to draft and revise.
- Your assignment should include citations, as well as a list of references. Both must be in APA form.
- Your references should include at least four peer-reviewed articles in addition to those that you will
be carrying over from our Week Three Case Analysis Assignment. These references should be drawn
from the Ashford University Library, Google Scholar, or the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
- Your assignment should be submitted no later than the end of Monday (midnight, U.S. Mountain
APA Writing Checklist
Use this document as a checklist for each paper you will write throughout your GCU graduate program. Follow specific instructions indicated in the assignment and use this checklist to help ensure correct grammar and APA formatting. Refer to the APA resources available in the GCU Library and Student Success Center.
☐ APA paper template (located in the Student Success Center/Writing Center) is utilized for the
correct format of the paper. APA style is applied, and format is correct throughout.
☐ The title page is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.
☐ The introduction is present. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.
☐ Topic is well defined.
☐ Strong thesis statement is included in the introduction of the paper.
☐ The thesis statement is consistently threaded throughout the paper and included in the
☐ Paragraph development: Each paragraph has an introductory statement, two or three sentences as the body of the paragraph, and a transition sentence to facilitate the flow of information. The sections of the main body are organized to reflect the main points of the author. APA format is applied correctly. There are no errors.
☐ All sources are cited. APA style and format are correctly applied and are free from error.
☐ Sources are completely and correctly documented on a References page, as appropriate to assignment and APA style, and format is free of error.
Scholarly Resources: Scholarly resources are written with a focus on a specific subject discipline and usually written by an expert in the same subject field. Scholarly resources are written for an academic audience.
Examples of Scholarly Resources include: Academic journals, books written by experts in a field, and formally published encyclopedias and dictionaries.
Peer-Reviewed Journals: Peer-reviewed journals are evaluated prior to publication by experts in the journal’s subject discipline. This process ensures that the articles published within the journal are academically rigorous and meet the required expectations of an article in that subject discipline.
Empirical Journal Article: This type of scholarly resource is a subset of scholarly articles that reports the original finding of an observational or experimental research study. Common aspects found within an empirical article include: literature review, methodology, results, and discussion.
Adapted from “Evaluating Resources: Defining Scholarly Resources,” located in Research Guides in the GCU Library.
☐ The writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. Utilize writing resources such as Grammarly, LopesWrite report, and ThinkingStorm to check your writing.