NRS-433V Topic 1: History and Process of Nursing Research
NRS-433V Topic 1: History and Process of Nursing Research
Nursing forms a critical component of population health and wellbeing by solving various clinical problems or dilemmas. As such, nursing research has widely been used and is still being used to study and formulate solutions for such problems. One of such problems that have attracted nursing research and efforts is hospital-acquired infections.
Hospital-acquired infections are the most common threat to patients’ health and wellbeing while they are in the hospital. They are usually caused by fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens, with bacterial infections taking a large portion of such infections of up to 90%. Some of the most common types of hospital-acquired infections include surgical site infections, urinary tract infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and bloodstream infections (Monegro et al., 2020). One of the major reasons why individuals are prone to getting hospital-acquired infections is that during hospitalization periods, people tend to have a compromised or lower immune system. Some of the risk factors include age, with older individuals more likely to get infected, prolonged use of antibiotics, use of a urinary catheter, longer stay in the intensive care unit, and a compromised immune system, among others.
There are various reasons why hospital-acquired infections should be studied. Among the reasons is the impact it has on patients. When patients get infections while they are admitted to hospitals, their bodies are already likely to be experiencing compromised immune systems, meaning that infections can only worsen the patient health (Friedrich, 2019). The implication could be more severe consequences such as death as, in case the infection is not handled in time, the synergistic effect of the infection and the illness being treated could lead to death. Hospital-acquired infections also lead to longer hospital stays, meaning that the patients are likely to incur more financial costs. Finally, these infections are worth researching since various nursing interventions can be used to mitigate them.
Friedrich, A. W. (2019). Control of hospital acquired infections and antimicrobial resistance in Europe: the way to go. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 169(1), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10354-018-0676-5
Monegro, A. F., Muppidi, V., & Regunath, H. (2020). Hospital acquired infections. StatPearls [Internet]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK441857/
Topic 1: History and Process of Nursing Research, Evidence-Based Nursing Practice, and Quantitative and Qualitative Research Process
Examine the importance of nursing research in improving patient outcomes.
Identify critical elements of evidence-based practice.
Evaluate a clinical problem using the PICOT question.
Read “Plagiarism,” located on the GCU Library website, for information on how to avoid plagiarism.
Adopting Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Decision Making: Nurses’ Perceptions, Knowledge, and Barriers
Read “Adopting Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Decision Making: Nurses’ Perceptions, Knowledge, and Barriers,” by Majid et al., from Journal of the Medical Library Association (2011).
Formulating a Researchable Question: A Criticle Step for Facilitating Good Clinical Research
Read “Formulating a Researchable Question: A Criticle Step for Facilitating Good Clinical Research,” by Aslam and Emmanuel, from Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS (2010).
To Make Your Case, Start with a PICOT Question
Read “To Make Your Case, Start with a PICOT Question,” by Echevarria and Walker, from Nursing 2014(2014).
Chapter 7: The Evidence for Evidence-Based Practice Implementation
Read “Chapter 7: The Evidence for Evidence-Based Practice Implementation,” by Titler, from the online eBook, Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses (2008), located on the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) website.
Reference the “APA Basics” information, located on the GCU Library website, to assist with the APA format and documentation of sources required for the assignment.
GCU Library Research Guides: Citing Sources
Reference the “GCU Library Research Guides: Citing Sources” resource for information on how to cite sources properly.
Literature Evaluation Table
Use the “Literature Evaluation Table” resource to complete the PICOT Question and Literature Search assignment.
PICOT Question and Literature Search
The first step of the evidence-based practice process is to evaluate a nursing practice environment to identify a nursing problem in the clinical area. When a nursing problem is discovered, the nurse researcher develops a clinical guiding question to address that nursing practice problem.
For this assignment, you will create a clinical guiding question know as a PICOT question. The PICOT question must be relevant to a nursing practice problem. To support your PICOT question, identify six supporting peer-revised research articles, as indicated below. The PICOT question and six peer-reviewed research articles you choose will be utilized for subsequent assignments.
Use the “Literature Evaluation Table” to complete this assignment.
Select a nursing practice problem of interest to use as the focus of your research. Start with the patient population and identify a clinical problem or issue that arises from the patient population. In 200–250 words, provide a summary of the clinical issue.
Following the PICOT format, write a PICOT question in your selected nursing practice problem area of interest. The PICOT question should be applicable to your proposed capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).
The PICOT question will provide a framework for your capstone project.
Conduct a literature search to locate six research articles focused on your selected nursing practice problem of interest. This literature search should include three quantitative and three qualitative peer-reviewed research articles to support your nursing practice problem.
Note: To assist in your search, remove the words qualitative and quantitative and include words that narrow or broaden your main topic. For example: Search for diabetes and pediatric and dialysis. To determine what research design was used in the articles the search produced, review the abstract and the methods section of the article. The author will provide a description of data collection using qualitative or quantitative methods. Systematic Reviews, Literature Reviews, and Metanalysis articles are good resources and provide a strong level of evidence but are not considered primary research articles. Therefore, they should not be included in this assignment.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.
Topic 1 DQ 1
PICOT is utilized by the health care community to identify and study a nursing or medical practice problem. Consequently, PICOT examples that may provide insight into the use of the PICOT process, may not be relevant to nursing practice as they are based on a medical practice problem.
Describe the difference between a nursing practice problem and a medical practice problem. Provide one example of each. Discuss why is it important to ensure your PICOT is based on a nursingpractice problem.
Topic 1 DQ 2
Nursing research is used to study a dilemma or a problem in nursing. Examine a problem you have seen in nursing. Provide an overview of the problem and discuss why the problem should be studied. Provide rational and support for your answer.
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.