NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment

March 8, 2022
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NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment

Health Disparities and Nutritional Challenges

According to CDC, health disparities are preventable differences in opportunities to obtain optimal health and differences in violence, injury, and disease burden among the socially disadvantaged groups. Health disparities exist among African-Americans (CDC, 2020). In comparison to white Americans, African Americans are usually at greater risk of HIV/AIDS, diabetes, pneumonia, influenza, asthma, cancer, stroke, and heart disease. Another glaring health disparity is that African-Americans have a higher probability of dying at early ages for all cases (Sophia, 2020). For instance, the prevalence of hypertension among African-Americans is 12% and 33% among the age groups 18-34 ad 35-49, respectively, compared to the whites of the same age group. In addition, while diabetes is common among only 6% of whites, the figure rises to 10% among African-Americans.

Cancer presents another illness where health disparity occurs. From the American Cancer Society, African-Americans present with the shortest survival and highest rates of death for most cancers (Miles et al., 2018). In addition, from the National Kidney Foundation statistics, African-Americans have a three times possibility of suffering from kidney failure as compared to other groups, with the population making up for over thirty percent of all the individuals that receive dialysis for kidney complications in the USA. This group also has nutritional challenges that further complicate their health. The African-Americans, both in urban and rural areas, have higher possibilities of experiencing food insecurity resulting from a combination of various factors such as inequitable resource distribution leading to limited access to food (Sophia, 2020). Financial barriers also mean that this group of people cannot consistently buy healthy and nutritious foods.

Barriers to Health among African-Americans

Various factors contribute to health barriers among the African-American population, including socio-political factors, education, socioeconomics, and culture. Barriers to health among African-Americans have taken years to reach where they are today; socio-political factors have contributed to an extent (Grant 2019). For instance, marginalization by the political leadership over the years have left African-Americans to have face barrier to health life. The discrimination faced by this group has all led to poor health.

Education is also a barrier; compared to their white counterparts, African Americans are less likely to get a high-quality education, leading to greater challenges of accessing high-quality life and adopting a healthy lifestyle. African-Americans have also been shown to be among the poorest groups of minorities living in the USA (Grant, 2019). Low socioeconomic ability means that they are less likely to access quality care, eat healthy foods, and lead healthy lifestyles. Finally, culture has also acted as a barrier to health among African Americans. The African-Americans have some traditional beliefs that bar them from accessing health. For instance, some believe that chronic diseases such as HIV/AIDS result from a curse; hence they do not need medical management but a spiritual one.

Common Health Promotion Activities among African-Americans

Health promotion activities are essential for better and improved individual and community health. Among African Americans, there are various common health promotion activities. It has been shown that various conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular conditions, stroke, and cancer are the top causes of mortality among this group. As such, health promotion activities such as community education drives that teach individuals the importance of physical activity and staying healthy, teaching people about healthy diet and ensuring that people follow healthcare plans (Derose et al., 2019). Communication is key to raising awareness regarding healthy behaviors through newsletters, mass media campaigns, health fairs, and public service announcements.

Approach for Care plan

Various approaches can be used to make care plans more effective depending on the unique needs of a group. One approach that can be effective among African Americans is culture-based health education. Education can be used as a primary, secondary, and tertiary health promotion approach for a care plan. Culture means a lot to African-Americans; hence a culture-specific education strategy can be the most effective to help them lead lifestyles that bar an onset of diseases, go for early screening for diseases, and engage in healthy activities to restore health after a period of the disease (Derose et al., 2019).

Cultural beliefs to Consider and a Suitable Cultural Theory

Culture is one of the things that a healthcare professional has to consider when coming up with a care plan. Some of them include the belief that surgery may cause cancer or spread it, seeking treatment from spiritual healers and home remedies,   eating healthily may mean that an individual has to leave certain foods that are part of the cultural heritage, and fearing the use of opioids to manage pain in fear that they may cause addition. Cultural theories or models are key in supporting culturally competent health promotion (Giger & Haddad, 2020). One of the most relevant theories is the Purnell model. This model is critical in understanding different cultural attributes giving the nurses a powerful tool for viewing patient attributes with their culture as the background. The reason why this theory is relevant is that it has a domain that deals specifically with culture and heritage. The implication is that a nurse can use the model to fully understand the predominant cultural practices hence tailor health promotion activities for better outcomes.

Conclusions

In conclusion, ethnic and racial minorities in the USA experience health disparities that should be addressed. African-Americans as a racial minority have been explored in this write-up with several aspects explored. Their current health status and barriers to health, among other things, have been discussed.

NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment

Assessment Description

Select an ethnic minority group that is represented in the United States (American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander). Using health information available from Healthy People, the CDC, and other relevant government websites, analyze the health status for this group.

In a paper of 1,000-1,250 words, compare and contrast the health status of your selected minority group to the national average. Include the following in the NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment:

  1. Describe the ethnic minority group selected. Describe the current health status of this group. How do race and ethnicity influence health for this group?
  2. What are the health disparities that exist for this group? What are the nutritional challenges for this group?
  3. Discuss the barriers to health for this group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors.
  4. What health promotion activities are often practiced by this group?
  5. Describe at least one approach using the three levels of health promotion prevention (primary, secondary, and tertiary) that is likely to be the most effective in a care plan given the unique needs of the minority group you have selected. Provide an explanation of why it might be the most effective choice.
  6. What cultural beliefs or practices must be considered when creating a care plan? What cultural theory or model would be best to support culturally competent health promotion for this population? Why?

Cite at least three peer-reviewed or scholarly sources to complete this assignment. Sources should be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and public health content.

Prepare this NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment  according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Course Resources if you need assistance.

NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment Resources

CDC – Minority Health

Explore the resources available on the Minority Health page of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. These materi

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CDC – Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH)

Explore the resources available on the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) page of the Centers for Disease Control a

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SAMHSA – Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations

Explore the resources available on the Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations page of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admi

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US Department of Health and Human Services

Explore the resources available on the Minority Health page of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website. These materials

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Healthy People 2030

Explore the Healthy People 2030 website.


Health Promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum

Read Chapter 3 in Health Promotion: Health and Wellness Across the Continuum.

NRS 429 Topic 4 Health Promotion in Minority Populations Assignment

Health Promotion in Minority Populations – Rubric

Identification and Description of Selected Minority Group

Criteria Description

Identification and Description of Selected Minority Group

5. Excellent

20 points

A detailed description of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is thoroughly discussed. Explanation of how race and ethnicity influence health for this group is clearly presented. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented.

4. Good

17.8 points

Description of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is discussed. Explanation of how race and ethnicity influence health for this group is presented. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented.

3. Satisfactory

15.8 points

Summary of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is generally discussed. Explanation of how race and ethnicity influence health this group is generally presented. It is unclear how the health status of this ethnic minority group compares to the national average. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented.

2. Less than Satisfactory

15 points

Description of ethnic minority group is partially presented. Health status for this group is vague. It is unclear how race and ethnicity influence health for this group.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Description and health status for ethnic minority group is not presented.

Health Disparities and Nutritional Challenges for Minority Group

Criteria Description

Health Disparities and Nutritional Challenges for Minority Group

5. Excellent

30 points

A thorough discussion of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is clearly presented. All relevant findings related to the ethnic minority group have been included. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented.

4. Good

26.7 points

A discussion of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is presented. The significant findings related to the ethnic minority group have been included. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some detail is needed for clarity.

3. Satisfactory

23.7 points

A discussion of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is generally presented. Most significant findings related to the ethnic minority group have been included. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some support is needed to support statements.

2. Less than Satisfactory

22.5 points

A summary of the health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group is presented. Significant details have been omitted. Summary lacks evidence to support statements.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Health disparities and nutritional challenges for this group are not presented.

Barriers to Health for Minority Group

Criteria Description

Barriers to Health for Minority Group

5. Excellent

30 points

Barriers to health for this ethnic minority group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors are thoroughly discussed. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Compelling and accurate evidence is provided to support statements.

4. Good

26.7 points

Barriers to health for this ethnic minority group resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors are discussed. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Minor evidence is needed to support statements.

3. Satisfactory

23.7 points

Barriers to health for ethnic minority group are summarized. The summary includes barriers resulting from culture, socioeconomics, education, and sociopolitical factors. There are some inaccuracies. A general comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Some evidence is needed to support statements.

2. Less than Satisfactory

22.5 points

Barriers to health for ethnic minority group are partially presented. The summary is not consistent with the assignment criteria. There are significant inaccuracies. Summary lacks evidence to support statements.

1. Unsatisfactory

0 points

Barriers to health for ethnic minority group are not presented.

Health Promotion Activities Practiced by Minority Group

Criteria Description

Health Promotion Activities Practiced by Minority Group

5. Excellent

20 points

Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are accurately identified and described in detail. A well-developed comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Compelling and accurate evidence is provided to support statements.

4. Good

17.8 points

Health promotion activities practiced by minority groups are described. A comparison for how the ethnic minority group compares to the national average is presented. Minor evidence is needed to support statements.

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