Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Motivation Discussion Paper

March 6, 2022

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Motivation Discussion Paper

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Motivation Discussion Paper

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Motivation Discussion Paper

Discuss Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and explain the role that motivation plays in individual and team performance. Analyze how different people are motivated. Explain how understanding Maslow’s hierarchy of needs might have helped the leader to increase motivation and improve performance.

APA format

300 words

Plagiarism free

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology proposed by American Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in the journal Psychological Review.[3] Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans’ innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. He then created a classification system which reflected the universal needs of society as its base and then proceeding to more acquired emotions.[4] Some indigenous academics have speculated that his theories, including the hierarchy, may have been influenced by teachings and philosophy of the Blackfeet tribe, where he spent several weeks doing fieldwork in 1938;[5][6] however, while this idea has gained attention on social media, there is no evidence to suggest he borrowed or stole ideas for his hierarchy of needs, which he only first published in 1943.[7][8] The hierarchy of needs is split between deficiency needs and growth needs. While the theory is usually shown as a pyramid in illustrations, Maslow himself never created a pyramid to represent the hierarchy of needs.[7][8]

The hierarchy of needs is a psychological idea but also a “… valuable assessment tool … “.[9] This tool is utilized in many fields that

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Motivation Discussion Paper

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Motivation Discussion Paper

involve working and taking care of people such as but not limited to: health care workers, educators, social workers, life skill coaches, and many more. Maslow’s hierarchy pyramid is frequently used because it visualizes the needs that one must have met in order to reach self-actualization. This concept was created as Maslow “studied and observed monkeys … noticing their unusual pattern of behavior that addressed priorities based on individual needs”.[9] The two key elements involved within this theory is the individual and the priority, which connects them to intrinsic behavioral motivation.

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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is used to study how humans intrinsically partake in behavioral motivation. Maslow used the terms “physiological”, “safety”, “belonging and love”, “social needs” or “esteem”, and “self-actualization” to describe the pattern through which human motivations generally move. This means that in order for motivation to arise at the next stage, each stage must be satisfied within the individual themselves. Additionally, this hierarchy is a main base in knowing how effort and motivation are correlated when discussing human behavior. Each of these individual levels contains a certain amount of internal sensation that must be met in order for an individual to complete their hierarchy.[4] The goal in Maslow’s hierarchy is to attain the fifth level or stage: self-actualization.[10]

Maslow’s idea was fully expressed in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality.[11] The hierarchy remains a very popular framework in sociology research, including management training[12] and higher psychology instruction. Maslow’s classification hierarchy has been revised over time. The original hierarchy states that a lower level must be completely satisfied and fulfilled before moving onto a higher pursuit. However, today scholars prefer to think of these levels as continuously overlapping each other. This means that the lower levels may take precedence back over the other levels at any point in time

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