Key Elements of a Research Proposal

March 8, 2022
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Key Elements of a Research Proposal

Key Elements of a Research Proposal

Asthma is a chronic lung disease caused by inflammation of the lower airways and episodes of airflow obstruction. Asthma episodes or attacks can vary from mild to
life-threatening. In 2007, about 7% percent of the U.S. population was
diagnosed with asthma and there have been a growing number of new cases since
that time. There are several known risk factors identified as triggers of
asthma symptoms and episodes, including inhalation of allergens or pollutants,
infection, cold air, vigorous exercise, and emotional upsets. There is also
growing evidence relating body-mass index to asthma in both children and
adults. Design a study to investigate whether there is such an association.

Choose a study design and justify the reasons you chose the design over others.

Select a statistical measure you would use to describe the association (if there is one)
between body mass index and asthma.

In addition, address:

Subject selection

Issues relating to the measurement of both the exposure and the outcome

Potential biases that the study might be prone to, and how they might be handled

Possible confounding factors and effect modifiers and how to overcome their effect

Present the information in a 750-1000-word report, using section headings where each requirement is described and justified under each of the following headings:
Study Design, Statistical Measures, Subject Selection, and Measurement Issues.

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Key Elements of a Research Proposal

Key Elements of a Research Proposal

Refer to the “Key Elements of a Research Proposal.”

You are required to use a minimum of three scholarly resources.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade
the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning
the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations
for successful completion of the assignment.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the directions in
the Student Success Center. Only Word documents can be submitted to LopesWrite.

Key Elements of a Research Proposal

If you need a review of study design components, view the resources below.

Review the Key Elements page of the Research Methods Knowledge Base website at

Key Elements of a Research Proposal

Background / purpose / rationale of the study


Hypothesis/key questions

Research objectives

Research methods

• Study design

• Statistical bias

• Procedures/timeline

o Specific steps to be taken to
complete the study

o Instruments/data collection methods

o Outcomes

• Proposed data analysis plan

o Statistical analyses planned

o Power analysis if appropriate

• Data safety monitoring if


• Description of participates

• Recruitment of participates

• Confidentiality/human subject’s
protection/legal-ethical issues (if appropriate)

• Sampling / rationale

o Inclusion/exclusion criteria

o Number of subjects

Analysis (only if applicable)

Results and Potential Pitfalls

for Practice

from “Key Elements of a Social Science Research Proposal: Statement of Research
Plan” by the Office of Research at Northwestern University at

A research proposal is a brief but comprehensive summary of the research which is yet to be done. It sets out the central issue for the research. It is a detailed description of the raised issue and how will it be solved. It contains all the key elements of the process of the proposed research study as it is the most important document for the candidate which has to be approved by the university committee to approve, to proceed further on the research. The proposal has to be well-structured in chronological order of the title, abstract, introduction, literature review, hypothesis, methodology, timeline, resources required (if any), result, and references.

The title has to be concise and should direct the reader to know about the research. It should be like a mini-introduction for the reader to know what he is going to read. The title should be precise and crisp for the reader to get a definite idea of the research proposal. The title should be specific with the correct choice of words and should serve the committee with the complete idea of the research which is to happen. It should evoke the reviewer’s interest to look forward to the details of the proposal. You can even title it after completing the whole proposal to be as precise as possible.

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