HP 609 Week 2 Assignment 1: Health Policy Event

March 1, 2022

HP 609 Week 2 Assignment 1: Health Policy Event

HP 609 Week 2 Assignment 1: Health Policy Event

HP 609 Week 2 Assignment 1: Health Policy Event

Description of the meeting

The speakers discussed that Covid crisis that is taking place in India today. According to the reports, there are 400,00 deaths every day in India from the Virus. It has been a year since the virus was reported all over the world, and the public health department and other health sectors went to work on how to prevent the quick spread could be controlled. Various precautions were implemented, and the world was eventually in lockdown for months. The speakers talked about the variant, factors why the infection and death rated are so high. There were questions on whether the public health has served its people well during this crisis.

Analysis:

Today’s focus will be on India’s Covid-19 crisis surge. This analysis will focus mainly on why there is such a high death rate, causes for this surge, and what preventative measures can be taken. When Covid-19 emerged early 2020, we did not know what it was, how it was transmitted or how it could be prevented. Center for Disease Control (CDC) sprang into action looking for similarities between Covid and the Flu (cdc.org) due to the similarities of symptoms. Covid-19 was later reported to be caused by a variant. In their analysis, experts Bollinger and Ray (2020) discussed the various types of variants that existed in the world, including B 1.351 which was discovered California and South Africa. This means that these variants travel all over the world.

Similarly, the variant in India today has spread so fast that the reported death toll was 4000 for the second straight day (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021).

During the forum, Dr. Viswanath (Vish) confirmed the India variant B 1.617 is responsible for driving the surge to such huge infection and death rates. However, it was also emphasized that even though the variant was to blame for such big impact, there were other factors that contributed to this surge. Factors like lack of proper healthcare, uneven distribution of doctors and nurses, vaccine shortage, communication, leadership, and public noncompliance to warnings.

The biggest problem facing India is the lack of a proper healthcare system. Unlike the U.S which has Affordable Care Act (ACA) and other kinds of insurance, India lacks such a set up. Most of the people live in rural areas where healthcare is unattainable, and if it is, people have to pay out-of-pocket (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 2021). And making matters worse, the uneven distribution of doctors and nurses. The providers cannot be allocated to areas of need effectively. This in turn hinders the health services that would have been available to the people.

Shortage of vaccines plays are major in India’s surge. While developed nations like U.S, Canada, Germany are getting their people vaccinated, other countries have not required any doses or have less than minimum requested to create herd immunity. Vish (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021) actually mentions that all the vaccines have been bought by the wealth countries, leading to a shortage for third-world countries. Comparing the number of people that have received their vaccinations in the U.S and India, the numbers are scary to look at. 264,680,844 doses were administered in the U.S, which is 80 percent of the people, while India has 176,045,577 doses- 13 percent of the people (NYTimes). The low rate is due to vaccine shortage in the country.

The lack of leadership in crisis situation is a great contributor to the quick spread of Covid in India. The leaders lack coordination at state and national level (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021) to navigate the solutions to this Covid problem. They have not played by the world health emergency playbook. As Vish (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021) explains, there are guidelines to follow when the world is in crisis, and this is one of them. However not only India, but the whole world failed to abide by these guidelines. Cautions like social distancing, wearing masks in public, stay at home orders, curfews were not taken seriously. We should have listened and acted appropriately to all the cautions, but a vast majority did as they wished hence leading to the quick spread.

Unreliable communication coming in from India is another factor. According to Vish (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021), different media and people are providing different information about what is really going on in India, so its hard to determine which information is correct. The right channels of communication are yet to be established.

Proposed ways to prevent the crisis include vaccination for all, follow public health strategies like wearing masks, social distancing.

HP 609 Week 2 Assignment 1 Health Policy Event

HP 609 Week 2 Assignment 1 Health Policy Event

Vish (The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021) also suggested talking to people in India to find out what they really need. It’s one thing to send supplies to India but it must be the supplies that they really need, such as oxygen, vaccinations, donating funds to organizations that can help the people.  (Ivers, The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 2021) emphasizes a lot on having people vaccinated. Suggestions for vaccine donations from first-world countries since they have surplus, to India would be such a big help.

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References:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html.

Holder, J. (2021, January 29). Tracking Coronavirus Vaccinations Around the World. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2021/world/covid-vaccinations-tracker.html.

 

India’s COVID-19 Crisis: Variants, Vaccines and Surges. The Forum at Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. (2021, May 14). https://theforum.sph.harvard.edu/events/indias-covid-19-crisis/.

 

New Variants of Coronavirus: What You Should Know. Johns Hopkins Medicine. (2020). https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/coronavirus/a-new-strain-of-coronavirus-what-you-should-know.

 

Week 2 Assignment 1: Health Policy Event

Value: 100 points

Due: Day 7

Instructions

The Health Policy Event you choose to attend must be related to the current week’s topics.

Please submit your Health Policy Event Log for Week 2 in one Word document to this assignment. Access the Guidelines for the Health Policy Event Assignment (Word) for full instructions.

Links to Health Policy Events for this Week

If you find another event you are interested in attending related to the current week’s topics but are unsure if it would be eligible, email your instructor and ask.

Please refer to the Grading Rubric for details on how this activity will be graded.

To Submit Your Assignment:

  1. Select the Add Submissions button.
  2. Drag or upload your file to the File Picker.
  3. Select Save Changes.

Health Policy Event Log Rubric

Health Policy Event Log Rubric – 100 Points
Criteria Exceeds Expectations Meets Expectations Needs Improvement Inadequate Total Points
Uses these headings:

  1. Name of event, sponsor of event, and link to event.
  2. Place of event, date of event, length of event.
  3. Names of participants and their titles.
  4. Brief summary of the topic discussed. (200–400 words)
  5. Summarizes, my analysis of the issue and its implications for health care.
Log addresses items 1–4.

Posted on time.

15 points

Log addresses 3 of the 4 items.

Not posted on time.

10 points

Log addresses 2 of the 4 items.

Not posted on time.

5 points

Log addresses one of the 4 items.

Not posted on time.

0 points

15
Uses this heading: My analysis of the issue and its implications for health care (500-750 words). There is robust analysis and evidence of integration of course content, utilizing course topics.

Analysis section is between 500 and 750 words.

35 points

There is robust analysis with partial evidence of integration of course content utilizing course topics.

Analysis section is between 500 and 750 words.

30 points

There is minimal analysis, repeats what participants say, and there is partial evidence of integration of course content utilizing course topics.

Analysis section is fewer than 500 words.

25 points

There is superficial analysis, repeats what participants say, and there is no evidence of integration of course content utilizing course topics.

Analysis section is fewer than 400 words.

20 points

35
Integrates course content and readings into analysis Course content and readings are integrated into analysis.

Two current (within last six months) references are introduced.

25 points

Course content and readings are partially integrated into analysis.

One current (within last six months) reference is introduced.

20 points

Course content and readings are minimally integrated into analysis.

One reference (not current) is introduced.

15 points

There is superficial integration of course content and readings into analysis.

No references are introduced.

10 points

25
Writing Mechanics and APA Formatting Few to no writing mechanics or APA errors.

25 points

Few to several writing mechanics or APA errors.

20 points

Several to many writing mechanics or APA errors.

15 points

Many writing mechanics or APA errors.

10 points

25
Total points 100
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