Health Records Assignment

March 6, 2022

Health Records Assignment

Health Records Assignment

Health Records Assignment

150 words minimum for each question .APA format. Sources must be cited in body of paper. Please use https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/18/ as an guide on how to use APA format.

1.Why patient matching and the Master Patient Index (MPI) pose a challenge? Discuss the purpose for the master patient index (MPI) and explain the risks of duplicate medical record numbers if found in the MPI ?

2.Compare the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to other common practices in a medical office

3.Discuss how the computer is valuable for many administrative functions and how it may also be a risk in terms of patient privacy and HIPAA compliance. Describe some special computer safeguards that protect the patient’s privacy.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor, created under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) of 1970 by Congress and signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 29, 1970. OSHA was created to ensure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education, and assistance.[1]

The passage of the OSH Act and subsequent creation of OSHA has led to unprecedented changes in workplaces across America, and a significant reduction in workplace hazards which can cause injuries, deaths, or illness.[2] However, the limitations in resources and funding allocated to OSHA, standardized processes, civil and criminal penalties, and coverages for workers have still led to millions of workers being injured or killed from workplace-related incidents. OSHA has an important impact on the healthcare industry through a suite of requirements that impose measures on healthcare facilities and hospitals to implement workplace safety systems to protect employees from bloodborne pathogens, enhance patient handling programs, and ultimately save resources.[3]

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Issues of Concern
Despite the implementation of the OSH Act in 1970, workplace incidents still lead to injuries and deaths, accounting for over 5000 workers being killed on the job each year.[2] Though the creation of OSHA has drastically improved safety in the workplace, the

Health Records Assignment

Health Records Assignment

fatality rate from work-related injuries and deaths has not decreased. This weakness has been attributed to OSHA’s standard-setting process, which takes a large scale of resources and time to issue new standards without political opposition. Thus, there are few new standards in place to protect workers from modern causes of injury, such as biological or chemical safety hazards on the job. The outdated standards prevent OSHA from executing its mission in the realm of these subsets of workplace incidents. This dramatically impacts employees in healthcare settings who run the risk of being injured from advanced technological instruments, which may not be recognized under OSHA’s outdated standards.

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Further limiting OSHA is the lack of resources and funding. The annual budget of OSHA is less than $600 million, compared to the annual budget of other government entities such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which boasts of a budget greater than 8 billion dollars.[2] With its relative lack of funding and staffing, it becomes difficult to implement jurisdictions and restrictions at workplace sites throughout the United States or conduct even visitations and inspections at all U.S. workplaces.

The lack of stringent measures and consequences when employers/workplaces are penalized do very little to deter employers in the long-term. OSHA’s weak criminal sanctions and meager financial penalties to employers have led to continued abuse of the policies and lack of adherence from the corporate level. This results in employees not having access to protections afforded by OSHA due to the regulations only being placed at the employer level.

Lastly, the structural differences in today’s economy versus those in 1970 when OSHA was commissioned into law are vastly different. Today, far fewer individuals are represented actively by a union, which was more common in 1970. Furthermore, many individuals are independent contractors or self-employed, which falls outside of OSHA’s jurisdiction. With the increasing number of online jobs and unique employment contracts, OSHA’s standards and restrictions cannot keep up to provide coverage and policies that protect all areas of American employment. The healthcare workforce is advancing in many ways through structure and job duties afforded to mid-level providers and other members of the healthcare team as well, which limits the extent of enforcement that OSHA plays.

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Posted in nursing by Clarissa