Emerging Technology Brief Assignment

March 8, 2022
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Emerging Technology Brief NUR 514

Emerging Technology Brief Assignment

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Emerging Technology Brief Paper

A primary concern in healthcare practice today is the inefficiency and human errors in medical and health processes like surgery and other intensive care interventions. Medical errors emanating from human issues lead to increased delays, limited access to health care services and more mortality and morbidity rates. These issues have necessitated the development of autonomous and semi-autonomous medical equipment like robots through the use of artificial intelligence. The main purpose of artificial intelligence is to make computers more useful in generating solutions to problematic health care issues (Secinaro et al., 2021). The purpose of this paper is to discuss artificial intelligence as a healthcare technology that has the potential to address the emerging barriers in healthcare provision.

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Overview of the Emerging Technology and Its Role in Health Care

Artificial intelligence makes computers more essential in solving problematic health care issues as they allow providers to interpret data to diagnose different chronic conditions like diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and various types of cancers. Using AI for trial reasons will assist the healthcare sector in the future to develop biomarkers to detect different types of conditions like cancers during the screening process. AI allows healthcare providers to interpret data, for instance, on the fight against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The development of next generation of radiology tools is through artificial intelligence (AI). Studies show that brain-computer interfaces can enhance drastically the quality of life for patients with terminal conditions like Alzheimer’s disease, strokes and individuals with spinal cord injuries across the world (Secinaro et al., 2021). Deep learning models can assist in prediction of old and new drugs and treatments that may be effective on COVID-19. Institutions are using AI to develop prototype vaccines and treatment for COVID-19. Therefore, AI is a critical aspect of tackling the COVID-19 pandemic.

Artificial Intelligence has the potential to enhance access to care and promote patient safety and quality. AI leverages on interpretation of data to ensure that health care providers make better decisions and take optimal actions to offer the best care and minimize medical errors. With more computer-based tools and interventions, many patients can access care from remote locations, especially those suffering from terminal conditions like diabetes and strokes (OECD, 2020). Information from COVID-19 tracing apps and applications like DeepMind demonstrate how AI can offer interventions for quality care delivery for patients and health organizations tackling the pandemic.

Ethical and Legal Issues in Incorporation of Artificial Intelligence

The use of AI as a powerful technology brings a whole new set of ethical and legal issues concerning different aspects like safety, privacy and preferences. Patients may not embrace this technology since it means that their information and data is accessible and can be interpreted for different purposes without their explicit authorization. Many patients are still apprehensive of the current COVID-19 monitoring and tracking apps that different health organizations and governments are using to access their movement. There will be some limits of patients who full do not understand how AI can help improve their health and confer benefits (OECD, 2020). The implication is that there is need for increased awareness among providers and patients on the critical role of AI in healthcare and how it can help in reducing adverse events for those with chronic conditions like diabetes. The legal aspects of AI also require streamlining to ensure that patients’ health information is not comprised and used for purposes other than health care improvement and quality care.

Informatics Nurse’s Role Concerning Artificial Intelligence

The informatics nurse plays a critical role in information dissemination and use of health information technologies for effective care delivery and innovation models. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care is a demonstration of innovative models that providers and organizations are leveraging to enhance quality care outcomes for patients, especially at this pandemic time (Pee et al., 2018). Therefore, informatics nurses are experts who provide advice to their organizations and help in setting up systems to incorporate the AI technology for quality care and better services. The nurse informatics role is to ensure that facilities leveraging on AI adhere to the existing legal protocols and laws as well as embrace ethical values to protect patient information (Booth et al., 2021). Nurse informaticsts have a duty to use the most appropriate channels to offer better software and hardware to ascertain that AI works for patients and organizations based on the set goals and objectives.

Role of Workflow Analysis, Human Factors & User-Centered Design Concepts

Workflow analysis and human factors are critical to the overall success of artificial intelligence in health care. The analysis of the workflow allows providers to identify areas that need improvement and can benefit from AI technologies while human factors like human resource availability ensure that facilities have requisite abilities and expertise to roll out better technologies to improve care provision. The user-centered design concept means that AI should confer benefits to the users, especially patients and not the healthcare providers alone (Islam et al., 2021). In this case, the ultimate focus should be increased benefits for all stakeholders based on the features that AI provides when integrated into the health system and network.

Conclusion

Emerging technologies in healthcare are essential to enhancing quality care and patient outcomes. These technologies like artificial intelligence are revolutionizing the overall care experience for patients and helping nurse practitioners and other professionals to offer better interventions and enhance accessibility. Informatics nurses have a duty to ensure that they help in the implementation of artificial intelligence in their practice settings to enhance overall care delivery as innovative models in healthcare.

References

Booth, R., Strudwick, G., McMurray, J., Chan, R., Cotton, K., & Cooke, S. (2021). The Future of

Nursing Informatics in a Digitally-Enabled World. In Introduction to Nursing Informatics (pp. 395-417). Springer, Cham.

Islam, M., Poly, T., Alsinglawi, B., Lin, M., Hsu, M. and Li, Y. (2021). A State-of-the-Art

Survey on Artificial Intelligence to Fight COVID-19. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10(9), p.1961. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/10/9/1961/htm

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2020). OECD Policy

Responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19): Using artificial intelligence to help combat COVID-19. https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/using-artificial-intelligence-to-help-combat-covid-19-ae4c5c21/

Pee, L. G., Pan, S. L., & Cui, L. (2019). Artificial intelligence in healthcare robots: A social

informatics study of knowledge embodiment. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 70(4), 351-369.

Secinaro, S., Calandra, D., Secinaro, A., Muthurangu, V., & Biancone, P. (2021). The role of

artificial intelligence in healthcare: a structured literature review. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 21(1), 1-23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-021-01488-9

Emerging Technology Brief

Description:

New health care innovations offer the advanced registered nurse an opportunity to apply emerging technologies in practice to improve quality and patient outcomes. For this assignment, research an emerging health care technology that you think has the potential to overcome current or emerging barriers to care.

Write a 500-750 word brief. Include the following:

1. Provide an overview of the emerging technology and its role/function in health care. Consider its potential for improving access to care and promoting patient safety and quality.
2. Describe ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology.
3. Explain the nurse’s informatics role in regard to the technology. Provide examples of the roles and job functions.
4. Outline the role of workflow analysis, human factors, and user-centered design concepts for your chosen technology example.

Refer to the study materials for samples and resources to help you construct your brief.

You are required to cite three to five sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Complete the “APA Writing Checklist” to ensure that your paper adheres to APA style and formatting criteria and general guidelines for academic writing. Include the completed checklist as an appendix at the end of your paper.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Course Materials if you need assistance.

Topic 6: Improving Access and Quality Care through Health Care Informatics and Health IT

Description

Objectives:

1. Analyze the role of health information technology and informatics in improving access to care and promoting patient safety and quality.
2. Analyze the critical role of health information and technology standards and interoperability in improving access to care and the exchange of health information.
3. Discuss best practice for implementing informatics technologies that impact advanced practice nursing and the delivery of care, including clinical provider order entry (CPOE) and clinical decision support systems (CDSS).
4. Evaluate the role of workflow analysis, human factors, and user-centered design concepts in developing health information technologies.
Study Materials

Advanced Practice Nursing: Essential Knowledge for the Profession

Description:

Read Chapters 12-14 in Advanced Practice Nursing: Essential Knowledge for the Profession.

Nursing Informatics and the Foundation of Knowledge

Description:

Read Chapters 2, 9-11, and 13 in Nursing Informatics and the Foundation of Knowledge.

EMR vs EHR – What Is the Difference?

Description:

Read “EMR vs EHR – What Is the Difference?” by Garrett and Seidman (2011), located on the Health IT Buzz website.

What’s the Difference Between Health Informatics and Health Information Management?

Description:

Read “What’s the Difference Between Health Informatics and Health Information Management?” by the College of St. Scholastica (2019), located on the college’s website.

Quality Measures

Description:

Read “Quality Measures,” located on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) website (2016).

Writing an Issue Brief

Description:

Read “Writing an Issue Brief,” located on the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) website (2016). This resource will help you complete the Topic 6 assignment.

The Mechanics of Writing a Policy Brief

Description:

Read “The Mechanics of Writing a Policy Brief,” by DeMarco and Tufts, from Nursing Outlook (2014). This resource will help you complete your Topic 6 assignment.

A Usability Study to Improve a Clinical Decision Support System for the Prescription of Antibiotic Drugs
Description:

Read “A Usability Study to Improve a Clinical Decision Support System for the Prescription of Antibiotic Drugs,” by Akloufi, Verhaegh, Jaspers, Melles, van der Sijs, and Verbon, from PLOS ONE (2019).

American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA)

Description:

Explore the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) website.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Description:

Explore the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) website.

American College of Nurse-Midwives Library

Description:

Explore the issue briefs available on the ACNM Library page of the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) website. This resource will help you complete your Topic 6 assignment.

 

Topic 6 DQ 1

Description:

In what ways can informatics help health care providers overcome current or emerging barriers to care and increase access to safe, quality health care? Include a discussion of the value and challenges of clinical provider order entry (CPOE) and clinical decision support systems (CDSS) in providing safe patient care in your response. Why are heuristic principles (human factors/usability/user centered design) important for efficient clinical information systems such as CPOE and CDSS?

Topic 6 DQ 2

Description:

Discuss the importance of interoperability between EHRs and other disparate systems and the impact on improving quality and access to care. How can workflow analysis be used to identify issues related to interoperability?

Topic 6 Participation

Description:

Emerging Technology Brief

New health care innovations offer the advanced registered nurse an opportunity to apply emerging technologies in practice to improve quality and patient outcomes. With the improvement in research and technology, healthcare systems continue to find the best possible ways to enhance care, treatment and diagnosis processes (Le et al., 2018). Today, most of the hospitals and other healthcare institutions realizes productivity through emergence of different technological products. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one of the emerging technology in the healthcare system. In other words, there is nothing quite exciting as artificial intelligence with all the opportunities surrounding it. To ensure efficiency in the 21st century medicine, it is the best time to utilize artificial intelligence. The purpose of this paper is to discuss Artificial Intelligence as an emerging technology in the healthcare system.

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The application of artificial intelligence in the healthcare industry is expected to grow rapidly at the rate of 40% through 2021 to 6.6 $billion from $600 million in the year 2014 (Boenink, Van Lente, & Moors, 2016). AI machines can mitigate and reduce risks of preventable medical situations in different ways. They can identify people at high risks or in critical conditions by discovering patients who are in need of immediate attention and thereafter trigger medical alerts to enhance custom care plans. They can also automate reminders which can enable patients take their medications within the stipulated timeframe.

Emerging Technology Brief Assignment NUR 514

Also, the AI can deliver personalized medical dosage recommendations in line with an individual’s body chemistry as well as the related environmental factors. Currently, there are always some medication errors (Richins, 2015). In other words, the prescribed drugs may not react well with in individual’s immune system, leading to more complications.

Artificial Intelligence machines are programmed to understand patient’s body system as well as the complications associated with it. Unlike the current systems where samples of blood have to be taken for laboratory tests, AI can detect diseases and body complications all at once; it is easy to envisage a unique health care world where there is the use of Artificial Intelligence (IA) that can analyze the patient population and undertake treatment processes (Silva et al., 2015). United States’ hospitals and physicians still exist in the digital dark ages when it comes to the application of the newest computerized devices as well as the internet services to deliver healthcare services.

Artificial Intelligence will mostly function in the healthcare system to reduce the medical errors and quickly deliver medication and treatment processes so as to avoid unnecessary deaths at emergency rooms. The implementation of artificial intelligence in the healthcare system will greatly reduce the number of healthcare workers (Daim et al., 2016). Also, it will require expertise in nursing informatics and computer technicians mainly the programmers and ICT experts. The implementation of AI in the healthcare settings may also come with unethical issues. For instance, there may be lack of consent from the patients to diagnose other diseases which may not be necessary. Also, the system may prescribe overdose and multiple drugs that may interact within the body to reduce efficiency in enhancing immune system.

Artificial Intelligence will improve access to care and promote patient safety and quality in different ways. First, being an automated system. The process of treatment, medication, diagnosis, and surgery will be quick and accurate, a scenario that will reduce crowding of patients in different hospitals. Also, the patients will be able to obtain right diagnosis and accurate medications within the shortest time possible. In other words, the system may be helpful in emergency cases. With the accurately programmed system, patients will be sure of error-free prescription and other medical processes.

Emerging Technology Brief NUR 514

New health care innovations offer the advanced registered nurse an opportunity to apply emerging technologies in practice to improve quality and patient outcomes. For this assignment, research an emerging health care technology that you think has the potential to overcome current or emerging barriers to care.

Write a 500-word brief that provides an overview of the technology, its purpose, and how it would function in a health care setting, including any ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology. Discuss how this technology could improve access to care and promote patient safety and quality.

****Refer to the Topic 6 materials for samples and resources to help you construct your brief.*****

You are required to cite three to five sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This Emerging Technology Brief Assignment assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

*******Refer to the Topic 6 materials for samples and resources to help you construct your brief.*******
Let me know if you need the topic 6 materials

View Rubrics

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Emerging Technology Brief Assignment – Rubric

The Emerging Technology, Its Purpose, and How it Would Function in a Health Care Setting, Including Any Ethical or Legal Issues That Would Accompany the Incorporation of the Technology
35.0
A discussion of the emerging technology, its purpose, and how it would function in a health care setting, including any ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology, is not included.
A discussion of the emerging technology, its purpose, and how it would function in a health care setting, including any ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology, is present, but it lacks detail or is incomplete.
A discussion of the emerging technology, its purpose, and how it would function in a health care setting, including any ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology, is present.
A discussion of the emerging technology, its purpose, and how it would function in a health care setting, including any ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology, is clearly provided and well developed.
A comprehensive discussion of the emerging technology, its purpose, and how it would function in a health care setting, including any ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology, is thoroughly developed with supporting details.
Required Sources
5.0
Sources are not included.
Number of required sources is only partially met.
Number of required sources is met, but sources are outdated or inappropriate.
Number of required sources is met. Sources are current, but not all sources are appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Number of required resources is met. Sources are current, and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
How This Technology Improves Access to Care and Promotes Patient Safety and Quality
30.0
A discussion of how this technology improves access to care and promotes patient safety and quality is not included.
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