Disease Outbreak Investigation Report

March 8, 2022
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Disease Outbreak Investigation Report

Disease Outbreak Investigation Report

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) collects and disseminates information about outbreaks of disease. H1N1, SARS, and West Nile virus are just a few of the disease outbreaks that the CDC has reported. You have been called upon to lead one of the investigations. Select a disease outbreak for which you will lead an investigation.

In a report of 750-1000-words, present the following information:

Identify and describe the necessary steps to be taken for an investigation of the disease outbreak.

For each of the three prevention levels, provide at least two examples of prevention for this disease.

Describe the criteria to be met before screening for this disease.

Describe how the effectiveness of the screening program will be evaluated.

You are required to use a minimum of three scholarly resources.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment.

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Disease Outbreak Investigation Report

Disease Outbreak Investigation Report

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. Only Word documents can be submitted to LopesWrite.

An outbreak of salmonellosis occurred among 127 persons attending a wedding
reception on 21 August 1996. Of 115 interviewed guests, 57 (50%) met the case
definition (diarrhoea within three days after having eaten at the reception). Thirtyeight cases visited their GP, seven were admitted to hospital. Forty-six cases
submitted stool samples, of which 39 were culture positive for Salmonella
typhimurium. Turkey was identified as the most likely vehicle for this outbreak
(relative risk ¥). Environmental investigations at the catering facilities showed
deficiencies in food hygiene practices. Eight of 17 asymptomatic kitchen workers
carried S. typhimurium in their stool.
We recommended: to exclude all symptomatic food handlers from work in the hotel
kitchen for 48 hours after their first normal stool; to educate food handlers and
other personnel in the hygienic preparation and serving of food; and to immediately
address the structural and operational deficiencies in the hotel kitchen. Introduction
On 26 August 1996 the Eastern Health Board (EHB) was informed of an outbreak of
gastrointestinal illness among guests of a wedding party that was held in a large
hotel in Malahide on 21 August 1996.
Many guests had fallen ill since the reception and some had required hospitalisation.
Malahide is a popular seaside town approximately twenty kilometres north of Dublin
The same day the EHB started an investigation to assess the extent of the outbreak,
identify the mode and the vehicle of transmission, and initiate appropriate control
Dr. Darina O’Flanagan, Specialist in Public Health Medicine at the EHB, led the
epidemiological investigations. She was assisted by Dr. Thomas Grein, Fellow of the
European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training. Mr. Tom McCarthy,
Principal Environmental Health Officer for food hygiene North Dublin City with
special responsibility for communicable disease, and Mr. Derek Bauer, Principal
Environmental Health Officer for County Fingal, led the environmental investigations
and supervised the implementation of control measures.

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