Discussion Tech Global Ethics

March 8, 2022
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Discussion Tech Global Ethics

Discussion Tech Global Ethics

2-3 pages, double space, 1 inch margins, times new roman, 12 pt font

What is one technology that came into existence for a previous purpose that you think is no longer useful for maintaining today’s ethical standards? Explain your answer. What is one technology that is no longer being used for its initially intended purpose–is this good, why or why not? What is one technology that we aren’t currently working on developing (or at least not putting a lot of effort into it) but that you think we should be developing in order to make the world a more ethical place? What political, social, and cultural obstacles stand in the way of this development?

The ethics of technology is a sub-field of ethics addressing the ethical questions specific to the Technology Age, the transitional shift in society wherein personal computers and subsequent devices provide for the quick and easy transfer of information. The topic has evolved as technologies have developed. Technology poses an ethical dilemma on producers and consumers alike. The subject of technoethics, or the ethical implications of technology, have been studied by different philosophers such as Hans Jonas and Mario Bunge. Technology ethics is the application of ethical thinking to the growing concerns of technology as new technologies continue to rise in prominence[1]. Ethics of technology is now an important subject as technologies give people more power to act that before. The development of Artificial Intelligence and rise of social media brings up the questions of how to behave on these platforms and how far is A.I allowed to go. Recent issues such as Facebook data leaks and circulation of fake news highlights the downside of social media when in the wrong hands. As technology continues to develop and have the power to alter people’s daily lives, questions surrounding what is ethical or not will remain.

Technoethics
Technoethics (TE) is an interdisciplinary research area that draws on theories and methods from multiple knowledge domains (such as communications, social sciences information studies, technology studies, applied ethics, and philosophy) to provide insights on ethical dimensions of technological systems and practices for advancing a technological society.[1]

Technoethics views technology and ethics as socially embedded enterprises and focuses on discovering the ethical uses for technology, protecting against the misuse of technology,[2][3] and devising common principles to guide new advances in technological development and application to benefit society. Typically, scholars in technoethics have a tendency to conceptualize technology and ethics as interconnected and embedded in life and society.[4] Technoethics denotes a broad range of ethical issues revolving around technology – from specific areas of focus affecting professionals working with technology to broader social, ethical, and legal issues concerning the role of technology in society and everyday life.[1]

Technoethical perspectives are constantly in transition as technology advances in areas unseen by creators and as users change the intended uses of new technologies. Humans cannot be separated from these technologies because it is an inherent part of consciousness.[5] The short term and longer term ethical considerations for technologies engage the creator, producer, user, and governments.

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With the increasing impact emerging technologies have on society, the importance of assessing ethical and social issues constantly becomes more important.[6] While such technologies provide opportunities for novel applications and the potential to transform the society on a global scale, their rise is accompanied by new ethical challenges and problems that must be considered.[7] This becomes more difficult with the increasing pace at which technology is progressing and the increasing impact it has on the societal understanding by seemingly outrunning human control.[8] The concept of technoethics focuses on expanding the knowledge of existing research in the areas of technology and ethics in order to provide a holistic construct for the different aspects and subdisciplines of ethics related to technology-related human activity like economics, politics, globalization, and scientific research.[6] It is also concerned with the rights and responsibilities that designers and developers have regarding the outcomes of the respective technology.[6][9] This is of particular importance with the emergence of algorithmic technology capable of making decisions autonomously and the related issues of developer or data bias influencing these decisions.[9] To work against the manifestation of these biases, the balance between human and technology accountability for ethical failure has to be carefully evaluated and has shifted the view from technology as a merely positive tool towards the perception of technology as inherently neutral.[8][10] Technoethics thus has to focus on both sides of the human technology equation when confronted with upcoming technology innovations and applications.[9]

With technology continuing to advance over time, there are new Technoethical issues that come into play. For instance, discussions on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have brought about a huge concern for technology, ethics, and safety.[11] There is also a huge question of whether or not artificial intelligence (AI) should be trusted and relied upon. These are just some examples of how the advancements in technology will affect the ethical values of humans in the future.

Technoethics finds application in various areas of technology. The following key areas are mentioned in the literature:[6]

Computer ethics: Focuses on the use of technology in areas including visual technology, artificial intelligence, and robotics.
Engineering ethics: Dealing with professional standards of engineers and their moral responsibilities to the public.
Internet ethics and cyberethics: Concerning the guarding against unethical Internet activity.
Media and communication technoethics: Concerning ethical issues and responsibilities when using mass media and communication technology.
Professional technoethics: Concerning all ethical considerations that revolve around the role of technology within professional conduct like in engineering, journalism, or medicine.
Educational technoethics: Concerning the ethical issues and outcomes associated with using technology for educational aims.
Biotech ethics: Linked to advances in bioethics and medical ethics like considerations arising in cloning, human genetic engineering, and stem cell research.
Environmental technoethics: Concerning technological innovations that impact the environment and life.
Nanoethics: Concerning ethical and social issues associated with developments in the alteration of matter at the level of atoms and molecules in various disciplines including computer science, engineering, and biology.
Military technoethics: Concerning ethical issues associated with technology use in military action.

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