Discussion Science and Ethics

March 8, 2022
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Discussion Science and Ethics

Discussion Science and Ethics

The goal of this assignments is to create a shared list of movies and documentaries that cover/consider the subject of this section: Science and Ethics.

You must participate in the list to obtain the points for this assignment.

No repetitions are allowed, so the sooner you post your movie, the more options you have.

The post should contain and follow this format:

Title of the movie/Documentary
Director and year
Brief summary
Ethic issue covered in the film
Where could somebody access the film
URL to more information about the movie or the movie itself.
Here is an example:

Gattaca
Andrew Niccol (1997)
In the not-too-distant future, a less-than-perfect man wants to travel to the stars. Society has categorized Vincent Freeman as less than suitable given his genetic make-up and he has become one of the underclass of humans that are only useful for menial jobs. To move ahead, he assumes the identity of Jerome Morrow, a perfect genetic specimen who is a paraplegic as a result of a car accident. With professional advice, Vincent learns to deceive DNA and urine sample testing. Just when he is finally scheduled for a space mission, his program director is killed and the police begin an investigation, jeopardizing his secret.
Bioethics in Genetics. Should our DNA information be public? Could the information in our genes be used as a bioparameter to classify human beings?
YouTube. Itunes. Google Play Movies
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0119177/

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Scientific Aspects
The discipline of the ethics of science is concerned with the systematic reconstruction of those specific orientations for action that are determined by the understanding, immanent in each field of science in respect of its individual subject area, and the understanding of the scientific procedures for its description and explanation and an appreciation of the possibilities for action opened up by scientific knowledge. In this, ethics of science shall be understood as a part of philosophical ethics that refers to a specific, societal field of action determined by particular forms of knowledge. Above all, ethics of science, in respect of the task on hand, has to deal with two interrelated areas of phenomena. First, ethics of science draws on the specific ethos of the scientific community in order to reconstruct those orientations to which the scientist is committed, in the interest of seeking out the truth. This involves a smooth, unbroken transition from general rules of action (e.g., the prohibition of falsifying research results) to specific regulations for individual disciplines within the framework of their respective methodology. Second, ethics of science concerns itself with the relationship between general moral orientations and the problems of generating and applying scientific knowledge. Both in generating and applying, it is primarily a question of the practical consequences resulting from technical knowledge.

An example of the moral problems involved in the generation of scientific knowledge can be seen in the field of experiments on human beings in medical research and other medical science disciplines (above all in the field of psychology); more recent discussions target experiments on animals or genetic intervention into the genome of humans, animals, plants and micro-organisms, for the purpose of getting to know more about genetics. The moral problems inherent in the application of scientific knowledge and the responsibility of the scientists concerned are now under discussion in almost every field of modern science, and have been especially since the ‘Manhattan Project’ (the building of the atom bomb by US physicists).

The beginning of modern science, at its core, has moved away from the concept of knowledge generated by contemplation, since it is now essentially characterized by knowledge that owes its existence to technical intervention into nature under controlled conditions. Not until a fundamental appreciation of the problems of a modern concept of knowledge was undertaken by Kant and other German proponents of idealism did it become clear that this, too, is thanks to moral presuppositions. Whereas initially it was not the technical consequences of the application of such knowledge that was in the foreground but rather the self-commitment of the scientist to the truth, in the interest of generating reliable knowledge, the discussion on the ethics of science in the twentieth century, in comparison, was first and foremost determined by the experience of the technical and practical consequences of scientific knowledge. In this it was predominantly the natural scientists, in the wake of the development of weapons of mass destruction and other large-scale technical applications of knowledge, who posed the question as to the moral principles of their actions. Above all, with the development of the modern biosciences, the question of the moral responsibility involved in the generation of knowledge has become the focus of attention. The problems arising especially in the medical disciplines and the biosciences are proving to be highly complex issues, involving the fundamental ethical orientation of societies characterized by scientific and technical civilization.

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