DISCUSS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A NURSING CONCEPTUAL MODEL AND A NURSING THEORY NRS 430
Discuss the difference between a nursing conceptual model and a nursing theory. Select a nursing theory used in health care and provide a concise summary of it. Provide an example of how this nursing theory would be effective in managing client care.
A nursing conceptual model is a set of abstract concepts with no specifics. A conceptual model provides a particular and distinct frame of reference through which people, their environment, and their health are perceived. Its main function is to provide a framework for reflection, observation, and interpretation of phenomena and, specifically, it provides guidelines and guidance for aspects of clinical practice. Nursing theories are organized, knowledge-based concepts that essentially define the scope of nursing practice. These theories enable nurses explain what they do for the patients and why. Nursing theories allows nurses to influence their patient in a positive way beyond the bedside. Florence Nightingale’s Environmental theory teaches personal hygiene, lighting, diet and good ventilation which improves patient’s health and promotes healing.
Fawcett J., Cariello F. P., David D. A., et al. Conceptual models of nursing: application to critical care nursing practice. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing. 1987
What is Nursing theory: Regis College October 28, 2021: https://online.regiscollege.edu/blog/what-is-nursing-theory
- A theory is defined as “a belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. It refers to a logical group of general propositions used as principles of explanation” (Wayne,G. 2021). With that stated, a nursing theory would be described as a belief based on nursing, what we do as nurses, and why nurses do what they do. A conceptual model just shows many theories, ideas and thoughts that have been brought up through time. It will show us how these theories could be introduced into our practices. These theories through time are experimented and are what influences our way of practicing. “In 1952, Hildegard Peplau introduced her Theory of Interpersonal Relations that emphasizes the nurse-client relationship as the foundation of nursing practice” (Wayne, G. 2021). Everyone is different, we are not all expected to react the same way to treatment or even how we treat one another. It is up to nurses to be able to put everything aside and the initial patient-nurse interaction to get to know one another and for us to build onto that relationship for our patients health. It not only builds a relationship but it also gives the patient a sense of trust .
Wayne, G. (2021). Nursing theories and theorists: An ultimate guide for nurses. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/nursing-theories/
As you rightly stated, the theory of interpersonal relations by Hildegard Peplau plays a great role in the way nurses provide care to patients and the way patients receive the care provided. As nurses, the relationship we create with our patients, the way we communicate with them either through our body language or verbally and the tone of our voice makes a whole difference in how they will perceive the quality of care that is been provided to them. This why we find ourselves in situations where a patient will refuse treatment from some nurses or will ask for another nurse because they don’t like the way nurse X or Y talked to them but will gladly accept treatment from another nurse. I believe a nurse’s initial contact with a patient or client is where the nurse should clearly explain the expectations from the patient and set boundaries for their nurse-patient relationship. And when this is done, conflict will be hopefully minimized with this nurse-patient interaction.