Developmental Assessment And The School-Aged Child

March 6, 2022

Developmental Assessment And The School-Aged Child

NRS 434 Developmental Assessment And The School-Aged Child

https://www.allnursingessays.com/developmental-assessment-and-the-school-aged-child/

Typical Developmental Stages at Six Years

Physical development for a 6-year-old include, having grown about 2.5 inches in length and gained 7 pounds since the last birthday. The child starts losing the milk teeth and acquires permanent molars, medial and lateral incisors (Bellman, Byrne & Sege, 2013). Cognitive development includes the ability to tell their age and starting to understand the concept of time where the child can recognize if it is morning, afternoon or night (Bellman, Byrne & Sege, 2013). Most 6-year-olds have approximately 2560 words and can make intelligible 6- or 7-word sentences. At this age, most are learning to write, and to express themselves using words and should be able to define words by use (Bellman, Byrne & Sege, 2013). Typical motor development stages include riding a bicycle, running, jumping, climbing and hoping, and the child can brush and comb hair. The child can also write their names and draw a person with 12 parts (Press, 2015). Social and emotional development at six years include having fears of the dark injuries to the body, monsters, and big animals, are usually jealous of siblings and insist on being prioritized in everything (Press, 2015). Besides, they become peer-oriented and play with peers, develops a sense of humour, but continue to be egocentric.

Application of Erickson Developmental Theory in Assessing Development

Erickson stated that each psychosocial stage has two factors; the favourable and the unfavourable aspects of the core conflicts. The school-aged child is in the Industry versus Inferiority stage (Kropf & Greene, 2017). The child is often interested in learning how to do things appropriately. Their sense of industry grows when they are motivated in their efforts to make or do practical things, and when encouraged to complete their projects (Kropf & Greene, 2017). Besides, they become more industrious when they are praised and rewarded for the results. I would apply the Erickson theory to assess a child’s ability to perform various tasks such as bathing, dressing, and feeding himself.

To encourage cooperation, I will encourage a child to express the chief complaints and relevant medical history that he/she can give. I will also ask the child to undress himself rather than the caregiver undressing him. Before conducting a physical exam, I will explain to the child why I am doing it if there will be any discomfort or pain, and the time it will take to finish the assessment. For any abnormal findings, I will discuss them with the child in a layman’s language and explain the probable cause of the abnormalities and the various treatments that will be used. In addition, I will involve the child when explaining how to take the medications as and when providing health education and anticipatory guidance.

Details:

The pediatric patient’s needs vary according to age, as do the stages of development and the expected assessment findings for each stage. Examine the needs of a school-aged child between the ages of 5 and 12 in a 500-750-word paper and discuss the following:

Examine the physical examinations of school-aged children. Describe how you would adapt assessment techniques to the child’s age and developmental stage.
Select a child between the ages of 5 and 12. Determine the child’s age and describe the typical developmental stages of children of that age.
Explain how you would assess the child’s development using developmental theory based on Erickson, Piaget, or Kohlberg. Include how you would provide explanations during the assessment, strategies for gaining cooperation, and potential assessment findings.

Prepare this assignment in accordance with the APA Style Guide, which can be found in the Student Success Center. There is no need for an abstract.

This assignment makes use of a rubric. Please review the rubric before beginning the assignment to become acquainted with the requirements for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Assessment Description

The needs of the pediatric patient differ depending on age, as do the stages of development and the expected assessment findings for each stage. In a 500-750-word paper, examine the needs of a school-aged child between the ages of 5 and 12 years old and discuss the following:

  1. Compare the physical assessments among school-aged children. Describe how you would modify assessment techniques to match the age and developmental stage of the child.
  2. Choose a child between the ages of 5 and 12 years old. Identify the age of the child and describe the typical developmental stages of children that age.
  3. Applying developmental theory based on Erickson, Piaget, or Kohlberg, explain how you would developmentally assess the child. Include how you would offer explanations during the assessment, strategies you would use to gain cooperation, and potential findings from the assessment.

You are required to cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Attachments

Developmental Assessment and the School-Aged Child – Rubric

Comparison of Physical Assessment Among School-Aged Children

Criteria Description

Comparison of Physical Assessment Among School-Aged Children

5. 5: Excellent

27.5 points

A detailed comparison of physical assessments among different school-aged children is presented. How assessment techniques would be modified depending on the age and developmental stage of the child is thoroughly described. Insight is demonstrated into the physical assessment of school age children.

4. 4: Good

24.48 points

A comparison of physical assessments among different school-aged children is presented. How assessment techniques would be modified depending on the age and developmental stage of the child is described. Some information is needed for clarity.

3. 3: Satisfactory

21.73 points

A general comparison of physical assessments among different school-aged children is summarized. How assessment techniques would be modified depending on the age and developmental stage of the child is generally described. More information or support is needed for clarity or accuracy.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

20.63 points

An incomplete comparison of physical assessments among different school-aged children is summarized. How assessment techniques would be modified depending on the age and developmental stage of the child is omitted or contains significant inaccuracies.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

A comparison of physical assessments among different school-aged children is omitted.

Typical Assessment for a Child of a Specific Age

Criteria Description

Typical Assessment for a Child of a Specific Age

5. 5: Excellent

27.5 points

The typical developmental stage of a child between the ages 5 and 12 is accurately and thoroughly described.

4. 4: Good

24.48 points

The typical developmental stage of a child between the ages 5 and 12 is described. The overall description is accurate. Some information is needed for clarity.

3. 3: Satisfactory

21.73 points

The typical developmental stage of a child between the ages 5 and 12 is generally described. The description contains some inaccuracies for the age of the child.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

20.63 points

The typical developmental stage of a child between the ages 5 and 12 is summarized. The summary contains significant inaccuracies for the age of the child.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

The typical developmental stage of a child between the ages 5 and 12 is not described.

Developmental Assessment of a Child Using a Developmental Theory (Erickson, Piaget, Kohlberg)

Criteria Description

Developmental Assessment of a Child Using a Developmental Theory (Erickson, Piaget, Kohlberg)

5. 5: Excellent

33 points

A child assessment based on a developmental theory is thoroughly described. Well-developed strategies to gain cooperation and for how explanations would be offered during the assessment are presented. The potential findings expected from the assessment are all accurate and described in detail.

4. 4: Good

29.37 points

A child assessment based on a developmental theory is described. Appropriate strategies to gain cooperation and for how explanations would be offered during the assessment are presented. The potential findings expected from the assessment are described. Some information is needed for clarity.

3. 3: Satisfactory

26.07 points

A child assessment based on a developmental theory is generally described. General strategies to gain cooperation and for how explanations would be offered during the assessment are presented. The potential findings expected from the assessment are summarized. There are minor inaccuracies.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

24.75 points

A child assessment based on a developmental theory is partially summarized. Partial strategies to gain cooperation and for how explanations would be offered during the assessment are presented. The potential findings expected from the assessment are omitted or are incorrect. There are significant inaccuracies.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

A child assessment based on a developmental theory is omitted.

Thesis Development and Purpose

Criteria Description

Thesis Development and Purpose

5. 5: Excellent

5.5 points

Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.

4. 4: Good

4.9 points

Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose.

3. 3: Satisfactory

4.35 points

Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

4.13 points

Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim.

Argument Logic and Construction

Criteria Description

Argument Logic and Construction

5. 5: Excellent

5.5 points

Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.

4. 4: Good

4.9 points

Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative.

3. 3: Satisfactory

4.35 points

Argument is orderly but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

4.13 points

Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources.

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

Criteria Description

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

5. 5: Excellent

5.5 points

Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.

4. 4: Good

4.9 points

Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used.

3. 3: Satisfactory

4.35 points

Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

4.13 points

Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, or word choice are present.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used.

Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment)

Criteria Description

Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment)

5. 5: Excellent

2.2 points

All format elements are correct.

4. 4: Good

1.96 points

Template is fully used; There are virtually no errors in formatting style.

3. 3: Satisfactory

1.74 points

Template is used, and formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present.

2. 2: Less Than Satisfactory

1.65 points

Template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken; lack of control with formatting is apparent.

1. 1: Unsatisfactory

0 points

Template is not used appropriately, or documentation format is rarely followed correctly.

Documentation of Sources