Assignment: Morbidity And Mortality

March 1, 2022

Assignment: Morbidity And Mortality

Assignment: Morbidity And Mortality

Assignment: Morbidity And Mortality

Morbidity and mortality assignment: Morbidity and mortality are the two demographic phenomena most commonly studied in epidemiology. These two phenomena allow us to view disease trends and associated changes over time.

Assignment: Morbidity And Mortality

Morbidity and mortality assignment requirements

Discuss morbidity and mortality in terms of how you would use them in developing prevention strategies aimed at increasing attention to disease and decreasing adverse health outcomes. Which phenomenon is better to study to develop preventive strategies? Why?

The Greek roots “epi,” “demos,” and “logos,” which mean “upon,” “people,” and “the study of,” respectively, can be separated into the word “epidemiology” from an etymological standpoint. Epidemiology has developed to include non-communicable infectious diseases, chronic diseases, newborn health, and environmental and behavioral health. Today, it is a broad term that covers any health-related concern that can affect a population’s general health, such as environmental exposures, injuries, natural disasters, and terrorism, to mention a few. It is a multidimensional discipline of medicine that is primarily led by systematic scientific research employing ratios, probabilities, and other statistical computations, with a focus on the incidence, distribution, and factors affecting diseases and health outcomes in a specific community.

Epidemiologists collaborate with other health professionals to investigate the patterns, modes of transmission, and determinants of a given health event in a specific community. They also strive to understand about diseases that haven’t been examined before, such as Legionnaires’ disease and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). For example, in 2003, the World Health Organization (WHO) gathered in Geneva, Switzerland, to review SARS epidemiology and learn more about the disease’s risk factors, transmission mediums, and reservoirs. These preemptive research better equip health practitioners with the knowledge they need to respond effectively if a health-related event, such as a disease epidemic, occurs. Historical, biological warfare, eradicating smallpox, relief operations for victims of disasters and terrorist attacks, and, most recently, Ebola and Zika virus outbreaks are all examples of epidemiologists’ contributions. Epidemiologists use previously obtained, processed, and validated data to generate, advise, and implement informed and targeted solutions to monitor and avoid the occurrence, worsening, or recurrence of population-level health-related events when responding to these events. Epidemiologists play a crucial role in the general health and well-being of many different groups.

Finally, epidemiology collaborates with public health surveillance to create a system that continuously monitors patterns and health outcomes of health-related events; this is especially significant in disciplines of medicine that focus on upstream factors and preventative health issues. Between 2014 and 2016, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention monitored Legionnaire disease in 18 Chinese hospitals. The findings of this study revealed correlational data that identified the localities, genders, age groups, and seasons with the highest occurrence rates. In China, L. pneumophila was also identified as the pathogen of interest in pneumonia-causing Legionnaire illness. The committee highlighted China’s lack of Legionnaire illness reporting and recommended that systematic diagnostic methodologies be established to reduce the chances of misdiagnoses and underreporting. [1]

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Morbidity and mortality are two frequent epidemiological monitoring measures. These parameters indicate how a health issue develops and how severe it becomes. They’re important for learning about illness risk factors and comparing and contrasting health events and populations. Morbidity and mortality are not the same thing, even though they are commonly confused. The state of being symptomatic or ill for a disease or condition is known as morbidity. Prevalence or incidence are commonly used to represent or estimate it. The proportion of the population who has a particular symptom or quality is referred to as prevalence. It’s computed by dividing the number of people who are affected by the total number of people in a population. It’s commonly expressed as a percentage or as a ratio. Incidence, on the other hand, depicts the frequency with which individuals in a given population develop a specific symptom or trait. It’s computed by dividing the number of NEW instances in a certain time period by the total number of people in the population. When performing this estimate, keep in mind to remove the number of people who have already been affected from the total number of people in the population.

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Mortality, on the other hand, is proportional to the number of people who died as a result of the health event under investigation. It can be expressed as a percentage or an absolute amount. Mortality is commonly expressed as a rate per 1000 people, often known as the death rate. This rate is calculated by dividing the number of deaths for a particular population over a certain period of time by the total population. This number can be multiplied by 1000 to reflect the “per 1000” rate of the target population to keep these data succinct and easy to compare to other health occurrences.

according to Assignment: Morbidity And Mortality , Morbidity and mortality are two types of retrospective data that can be used to assess the efficacy of a certain health-care system or a currently implemented intervention. The use of maternal morbidity and mortality, for example, to assess the hazards of pregnancy and childbirth, as well as the effectiveness of the health care they get, is critical. [2] In a similar vein, correct evaluation of these measures is critical to comprehending and evaluating their influence and trajectory. Finally, combining mortality and morbidity allows epidemiologists to better understand the effects of a health event on a community. These data also help stakeholders prioritize which health events to address, devote resources to, and manage the probable beginning of a health event more efficiently.

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