Assignment: Laboratory Values

April 5, 2022
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Assignment: Laboratory Values

Assignment: Laboratory Values

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Ms. A. is an apparently healthy 26-year-old white woman. Since the beginning of the current golf season, Ms. A has noted increased shortness of breath and low levels of energy and enthusiasm. These symptoms seem worse during her menses. Today, while playing in a golf tournament at a high, mountainous course, she became light-headed and was taken by her golfing partner to the emergency clinic. The attending physician’s notes indicated a temperature of 98 degrees F, an elevated heart rate and respiratory rate, and low blood pressure. Ms. A states, “Menorrhagia and dysmenorrheal have been a problem for 10-12 years, and I take 1,000 mg of aspirin every 3 to 4 hours for 6 days during menstruation.” During the summer months, while playing golf, she also takes aspirin to avoid “stiffness in my joints.”

Laboratory values are as follows:

Hemoglobin = 8 g/dl

Hematocrit = 32%

Erythrocyte count = 3.1 x 10/mm

RBC smear showed microcytic and hypochromic cells

Reticulocyte count = 1.5%

Other laboratory values were within normal limits.

Question

Considering the circumstances and the preliminary workup, what type of anemia does Ms. A most likely have? In an essay of 500-750 words, explain your answer and include rationale.

On your lab report, each commercial laboratory has its own set of normal values, referred to as the Normal Range or Reference Range. 
These figures are subject to change depending on the equipment or approach employed. 
Examine your results against the range indicated on your test report. 
Out-of-range results aren’t always indicative of problem.
Several factors can influence your test results, including your age or biological sex, if you are pregnant, the time of day the sample was taken, active infections, HIV disease stage, and food (some test samples need to be taken after you have fasted [not eaten anything] for several hours). 
and are used to highlight where typical values for people assigned female at birth (AFAB) and those assigned male at birth (AMAB) differ.
The table below compares American units to the Système International d’Unités (SI units), metric system widely used around the world. 
The factor to multiply U.S. lab values to convert them to SI units is in the last column, To Convert U.S. to SI Units. 
Divide the SI value by the conversion factor to convert SI units to US units.
Total Hemoglobin is test that looks at how much blood is in your body (Hgb or Hb)
test that determines how much hemoglobin is in the blood. 
The pigment part of the erythrocyte, as well as the oxygen-carrying element of the blood, is called Hgb.
Values that are considered normal:
12-17 grams/100ml for males
11-15 grams/100ml for females
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Posted in nursing by Clarissa